Overactive sebaceous glands produce sebum, an oil which can lead to blockages in our follicles. These blockages can develop into swollen, tender inflammations or deeper lumps or nodules that can lead to infection. These nodules are associated with severe cases of acne. Although acne can present during adolescence, about 20% of all cases occur in adults. Acne commonly occurs during puberty.
Acne lesions are most common on the face, but they can also occur on the neck, chest, back, shoulders, and upper arms. Acne can be hereditary but can also be triggered by hormones, bacteria and debris. Hormones stimulate the production the overproduction of sebum and Bacteria feeds and grows with in the blocked follicle.
Luckily we have many skin treatment options that can help.
Closed congested follicles
Open congested follicles that oxidise resulting in a black head
Small red, tender bumps
PIMPLES OR PUSTULES
Papules with visible pus at the surface
Large, solid, painful lumps beneath the surface of the skin
Painful, pus-filled lumps beneath the surface of the skin